Benzene is a highly flammable and toxic organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6. It is a colorless, highly aromatic liquid with a sweet odor. Benzene is widely used as a solvent in many industries, including the production of plastics, rubber, resins, synthetic fibers, dyes, detergents, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides.As a solvent, benzene has excellent properties for dissolving a wide range of organic compounds, making it an important industrial chemical. However, benzene is highly toxic and exposure to it can lead to serious health problems, including leukemia, anemia, and other blood disorders. Benzene is also a known carcinogen, meaning it can cause cancer.